A Short Medical Dictionary

A short medical dictionary of common issues. 

Addiction

“A compulsion to repeat behaviour regardless of its consequence. A person who is addicted is sometimes called an addict”

The term addiction often describes a chronic pattern of behaviour which continues despite the direct or indirect adverse consequence that result from engaging in the behaviour. It’s fairly common for an addict to express the desire to stop the behaviour however, find themselves unable to cease. Addiction is often characterised by a craving for more of the drug or behaviour, increase physiological tolerance to exposure and withdrawal symptoms in the absence of the stimulus. Many drugs and behaviours that provide either pleasure or relief from pain pose a risk of addiction or dependency.

Alcoholism

A term that describes the excessive and often chronic consumptio of alochol. Among the characterists of alocholism are compulsion and addiction. It can also be characterised as an illness. Many people belief it to be a biological disease.

Cocaine

Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. It is stimulant of the central nervous system and an appetite suppressant, creating what has been described as a euphoric sense of happiness ad increased energy. Cocaine is highly addictive and its possession and distribution is illegal for non-medical purposes in virtually all parts of the world.

Depression

Clinical depression is a state of sadness or melancholia that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individual’s social functioning and activities of daily living. Although sadness is infact a form of depression, clinical depression is something more than a tempory state of sadness. Symptoms lasting longer than two weeks or if your daily life is interupted by this sadness, this is a form of clinical depression.

Around 16% of people are affected by depression. People in their late twenties are more likely to become depressed compared to other ages. Could this a stage of growing up?  Clinical depression is expected to become the second leading cause of disability worldwide by year 2020.

Heroin

A semi-synthetic opioid. It is the 3.6-diacetyl dervivative of morphine and is synthesized from it through a process called acetylation. The white crystalline form is commonly the hydrocholride salt, discetylmorphine hydrochloride. Heroin is a highly addictive drug when compared to other substances.

Psychosis

Psychosis is a generic psychiatric term for a mental state in which thought and perception are severly impaired. Persons experiencing a psychotic episode may experience hallucinations, hold delusional beliefs and experience personality changes. A psyhotice episode is often described as involoving a loss of contact with reality.

“The dying could be easy, it was the living that I didn’t know if I could do…”

NIKKI SIXX

Definitions from wikipedia.co.uk

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